Pentagon Shapes Future War: Advanced AI enables integrated attacks in seconds


From Security Television Network, Author: by Kris Osborn, Warrior Maven

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September 18, 2021 (Security Television Network) – (Washington, DC) The Army’s Project Convergence, the Air Force’s Advanced Battle Management System, and the Navy’s Project Overmatch are the names that go to every AI service and gives autonomy. activated network of interwoven “meshed” nodes operating in a broad multi-domain warfare environment.

The defining concept or strategic impetus for each of these respective efforts are clear and fundamental current technological modernization efforts, as they are based on the premise that any combat platform or “node”, be it a fighter jet, tank, ground control station or surface ship, cannot just be its own act as a combat-capable “entity” but also act as a critical surveillance and war information “node” capable of collecting, processing, organizing and transmitting time-sensitive data about a large armed force in real time.

For example, instead of having to send images to a ground control center via a one-to-one video feed, a forward surveillance drone could find critical enemy targets, analyze a variety of otherwise separate but relevant variables, and deliver new time-sensitive intelligence in a matter of seconds several locations within the force.

Joint Center for Artificial Intelligence (JAIC) of the Pentagon

Each of these efforts may have their own name, but are essentially based on a common tactical and strategic approach. The merging of these respective service efforts into a coordinated, highly efficient, high-speed, multi-service war machine is now being massively emphasized by the Pentagon’s Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (JAIC).

So I think, you know, we are important partners, you know, on both the ABMS exercise series and Project Convergence, and we’re also working closely with the Navy on their Project Overmatch, ”Lt. Gen. Michael Groen, director of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center, told reporters, according to a Pentagon transcript.

This is already happening and new efforts are rapidly gaining in importance, as all services in the context of a multi-service attack on the “web” are moving towards a massive acceleration of the “sensor-to-shooter” time. The faster enemy targets can be seen and assessed in terms of surrounding terrain, incoming enemy fire, navigation specifics and which attack method can best be seen and assessed under these circumstances, the faster an attacking force can assert itself in combat.

This is as natural as it is crucial. Simply put, being in or ahead of an enemy’s decision-making cycle is the essential factor determining victory in modern warfare.

Combination of AI data analysis and kinetic military action

At the same time, this technical architecture is only as effective as the high-resolution, long-range sensors and the precision-guided weapons that can destroy them. Such sensors and weapons, however, are of little use if target information or moments of great relevance are not found in time and identified in such a way that they can be destroyed.

Information-driven sensors and AI-supported data analysis are then merged by design with so-called “kinetic” options such as missiles, rockets, cannons, bombs and other weapons in order to complete the kill chain in front of an enemy. For the army, it can begin with unmanned and unmanned team building, where forward-operating mini-drones transmit sensor data to a larger drone, which then routes the data through an AI-enabled system called Firestorm, which in seconds couples the threat or target data that provided by a “sensor” with the optimal attack method or a “shooter”.

Starting with a mini-drone or SATCOM network miles away, the process of locating, identifying and destroying an enemy with a ground combat vehicle, helicopter, or even a dismounted force can be shortened from 20 minutes … to 20 seconds.

The idea with the Air Force’s ABMS is similar in scope and application as it involves collecting, processing, and disseminating vital combat data between satellites, bombers, fighter jets, drones, and even ground attack systems.

In an Air Force test known as the ABMS “Off-Ramp”, a 155mm ground-based artillery made an unprecedented breakthrough by tracking and destroying a fast, maneuvering cruise missile.

Armed AI Capability “is a sinister-sounding term Pentagon leaders use to explain the serious and growing risks posed by technologically advanced adversaries who are increasingly capable of building AI-enabled deadly robotic weapon systems, that are not constrained by ethics, moral considerations, or human decision-making.

Concern revolves around a single question as countries like Russia and China deploy powerful and rapidly evolving AI-powered robots, drones and weapon systems that may be detached from human decision-making.

Citing the possibility that “an authoritarian regime like Russia” could develop an armed AI capability, the Pentagon’s Joint Center for Artificial Intelligence commander, Lieutenant General Michael Groen, said the US and friendly forces may not be able to to use comparable skills, especially in the event that a potential adversary attacked with AI-powered weapons has no ethical or humanitarian concerns.

Could this put the US armed forces at a disadvantage? Sure, especially in the face of a scenario when it comes to decisions about the use of lethal force, since the Pentagon doctrine requires a person to always be “up to date”.

Armed AI: US & Allies

Groen appeared to be pointing out, however, that advanced weapons developers, scientists, and futurologists are now partnering with an international group of like-minded allies who are interested in addressing ethical concerns and still prevailing in combat. Part of this apparently relates to doctrinal and technological advancement that might attempt to balance, align, or integrate the best technical skills with optimal tactics sufficient to fend off an AI-driven enemy attack.

“We believe that if we bring AI principles and ethics with us from the start that we can actually gain speed, speed and performance, that we are not alone with it. We currently have a defense AI partnership with 16 nations, all of whom share the same ethical principles, have come together to help each other think through and work out how to actually develop AI in this construct, ”said Groen to reporters. according to a Pentagon transcript.

Regarding what he called “an ethical basis,” Groen said there are ways to develop and use highly effective, AI-enabled weapons in accordance with established ethical parameters.

One such option, currently being considered by scientists, engineers and weapons developers at the Pentagon, is to develop AI systems that are capable of instantaneous “defensive” or “non-lethal” attacks against non-human targets such as incoming anti-ships carry missiles, mortars, missiles or drones.

Another interesting nuance, given the speed and procedural efficiency with which AI-enabled sensors, fire control systems, weapon systems, and data analytics can operate, making quick human decision-making is not necessarily always a decision about whether to attack.

For example, advanced AI analysis can compare data about an incoming attack against a large historical database and immediately determine which course of action is best for the situation. This would happen because advanced algorithms could fall back on a historical database that compares how certain attack situations have been treated in the past in relation to a variety of influential variables such as weather, terrain, range and available “effectors”.

In this way, as was the case with the Army’s project convergence exercise last fall, the kill chain can be completed in seconds while the human decision-makers are still “on the loop”.

“If we can make good decisions and have informed decision-makers, we believe that this is the most important application of artificial intelligence. And then we move on to other functions from there. And the list is endless by anyone you know, successfully moving logistics around the battlefield, understanding what is happening based on historical patterns and precedents, understanding the effects of weather or terrain, on maneuvers, all of these things can be done by AI be supported. ”Grön.

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Dr. James [email protected] (202) 607-2421

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